The Difference Betweenㅐand ㅔ
Vowels highlighted in the same color sound practically identical. For example,ㅐand ㅔ both pretty much sound like “eh.” The best description of the difference I can give is ㅔ sounds higher or “squeakier” and is a shorter syllable. ㅐ is deeper and more drawn out, or “longer.”
Hear the difference for yourself. A native Korean enunciates 에누리 (discount) and 애국자 (patriot): korean.go.kr/hangeul/cpron/02_vowels/02_learn_07.htm and korean.go.kr/hangeul/cpron/02_vowels/02_learn_08.htm I would use Internet Explorer to view this site. Adobe Shockwave is required.
Most Koreans pronounce ㅐand ㅔ similarly. However, news presenters, or other people who’ve studied correct speech, will take care to differentiate the two.
You can also listen to ㅐ⇔/ɛ/ and ㅔ⇔/e/ sounds here: wiki: IPA vowel chart with audio.
Via google, here’s how someone specifies the difference,
In theory, “애” is closer to the IPA vowel sound /ɛ/ as in “nest” or “pen” and “에” is closer to /e/ as in “Mary” or “carry.”
Linguists call the vowel sound /ɛ/ an open-mid front unrounded vowel. It sounds similar to /e/ but is pronounced a little lower in the mouth.
Examples: pen, get, bed, wreck, left, nest, said, friend
Linguists call the vowel sound /e/ a close-mid front unrounded vowel. It is pronounced in the middle to upper front part of the mouth.
Examples: hate, bait, take, main
Note: The pure /e/ is rarely used in American English; it is usually pronounced as the diphthong /eɪ/.
ㅒand ㅖalso sound very similar. However, ㅒ sounds like /jɛ/ and ㅖ is closer in sound to /je/.
And ㅞ and ㅙ sound very similar.ㅞ = /we/ and ㅙ = /wɛ/.
ㅞ, ㅙ, ㅚ, sounds like /ø/.
ㅚ ⇔ /ø/
Linguists call the vowel sound /ø/ a close-mid front rounded vowel. If you can speak French, ø sounds like deux (/dø/). See wiki: close mid front rounded vowel for its features.
There really aren’t any similar sounds in English for vowels ㅡ and ㅢ, so here are the IPA symbols.
ㅡ ⇔ /ɯ/
This IPA symbol represents a close back unrounded vowel.
- “Its vowel height is close, also known as high, which means the tongue is positioned as close as possible to the roof of the mouth without creating a constriction that would be classified as a consonant.”
- “Its vowel backness is back, which means the tongue is positioned as far back as possible in the mouth without creating a constriction that would be classified as a consonant.”
- “It is unrounded, which means that the lips are not rounded.”
ㅢ ⇔ /ɰi/
It basically sounds like /ɯ/ + ee. “The velar approximant is a type of consonantal sound… It is the semivocalic counterpart of the close back unrounded vowel [ɯ].”